Meaning of Environment in Environmental Law

When India gained independence from British rule, India formed its own constitution until 1950, but the country`s leaders gave more priority to economic development and poverty eradication in the country. As a result, the Constitution does not deal much with environmental aspects. It was not until 1972, at a United Nations conference on the human environment in Stockholm, that various measures were adopted to preserve the environment and prevent pollution. As a result, in 1976, the Indian Parliament added two articles, namely 48A and 51A, to the Indian Constitution. urban planning, including planning regulations for land use water supply; public health, sanitation, nature and waste management, urban forestry, environmental protection and promotion of environmental aspects; the provision of urban facilities such as parks; cremation sites and electric crematoriums; Prevention of cruelty to animals Slaughterhouse and tannerie regulations. The National Forest Management Act (NFMA), enacted in 1976, was a response to lawsuits against the United States Forest Service (USFS) for its management of natural resources in national forests. The main objective of the NFMA was to protect national forests from permanent damage caused by excessive logging and clear-cutting. The NFMA requires the USFS to develop a land management plan for national forests, as well as reporting on the status and trends of renewable resources in national forests. Management plans developed under the NFMA must be based on the principle of multiple use and sustainable yield, which means that renewable resources in national forests must be used in a way that meets the best needs of the public without compromising the country`s overall productivity. The NFMA requires public participation in the development and revision of land management plans, which requires time for public comment during the design phase.

Other federal agencies that regulate the environment include: Early environmental laws focused on harassment. If one person`s use of property interferes with another person`s use of one`s own property, the courts can intervene to stop the harassment. Harassment laws have been developed largely as a result of common law court decisions. Laws protect an owner from another person or business that violates their right to enjoy their own property. Early environmental laws did not focus on protecting the environment as a whole. Nor did they give a person the power to sue an abuser if they were not personally harmed by the other person`s actions. Environmental impact assessment (EA) is the assessment of the (positive negative) environmental impact of an actual plan, policy, programme or project before deciding to proceed with the proposed action. In this context, the term “environmental impact assessment” (EIA) is generally used when applied to actual projects undertaken by individuals or companies, and the term “strategic environmental assessment” (SEA) refers to the policies, plans and programs most commonly proposed by government agencies. [6] [7] It is an environmental management tool that is part of the project approval and decision. [8] Environmental assessments may be governed by administrative procedural rules on public participation and documentation of decision-making and may be subject to judicial review. Clean up pollutants – Not all environmental legislation focuses on pollution prevention.

Pollutant clean-up deals with the fight against pollution after it has occurred. Laws can include cleanup protocols, as well as civil and criminal penalties against polluters. The Environmental Protection Agency works with Middle Eastern countries to improve “environmental policy, pollution and water safety, clean fuels and vehicles, public participation, and pollution prevention.” [28] It is very common for regulated industry to oppose cost-based environmental regulation. [17] Carrying out cost-benefit analyses of environmental aspects poses difficulties. It is difficult to quantify the value of an ecological value such as a healthy ecosystem, clean air or biodiversity. The reaction of many environmentalists to comparisons between economics and ecology is summed up by former senator and Earth Day founder Gaylord Nelson: “The economy is a wholly owned subsidiary of the environment, not the other way around.” [18] Moreover, environmental issues are attributed by many to an ethical or moral dimension that goes beyond financial costs. Nevertheless, some efforts are being made to systematically identify environmental costs and goods and to take them into account in a cost-effective manner. The environment has been defined as the external physical and biological system in which man and other organisms live as a whole. The human environment includes both the physical and biological environment.

The physical environment includes land, water and air. The biological environment includes plants, animals and other organisms. For the purposes of the Environmental Protection Act 1986, the term “environment” includes water, air and soil and the relationships between water, air, land and people, other living things, plants, micro-organisms and property. [1] The term environment is derived from the term “environment”, which means “environment”. Thus, environment etymologically means “environmental conditions, circumstances that affect people`s lives. [2] “Environment” includes water, air and soil, as well as the interactions between water, air, soil and humans, other living things, plants, microorganisms and property. [3] It encompasses the complex physical, chemical and biological factors surrounding an organism or ecological community. These factors act and interact with different species and organisms to influence their shape, growth and survival. Any harmful change in this environment is called pollution.

Air, water, soil, radiation and heat are the most common types of pollution.

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